You may have a doubt that Why we need a Water Softener. Let me clarify that through this article. In today’s world with an increasing population around the world, accessibility to drinking water has become a serious threat to the livelihood. The drinking water resources are getting depleted with increasing urbanization and ever-increasing pollution.
As we know, earth has 70% of it covered with water, however, only 2.5% of it is the consumable drinking water and just 1% is easily accessible to mankind. 70% of the water on earth is saline and ocean-based. With the population increasing year on year, accessibility to drinking water is becoming a challenge. Among the easily accessible water resource, groundwater takes it prominence as most of human mankind depends on it for drinking water.
Why we need a Water Softener?
Groundwater is available to us in two formats basically – referred to as hard water and soft water depending on the mineral composition in it. Hard water comes with high mineral content as it goes through the deposits of limestone and chalk (made by calcium and magnesium carbonates). On the other hand, soft water contains less mineral content and is mostly consists of sodium. Hard water causes washed clothes to look dingy, dishes with spots and stains, damaged pipeline. Hard water causes more harm to household appliances and uses more energy. To address this serious concern, we would need a water softener that makes hard water soft, and accessible for household usage.
What do you need to know about water softener systems?
A water softener is a device used to soften water by separating the minerals like magnesium and calcium in water that cause the water to be hard and unusable. It becomes more essential to protect the home appliances to have a good lifespan and the pipe fittings in your house from clogging and that is where the water softener helps households better in making the hard water soft. Water Softening is a technique that removes the ions of magnesium and calcium that cause water hardness. One needs to connect the water softener device to the water supply to enjoy the benefits of soft water.
Some of the benefits of using water softeners when hard water is available at households:
- Save money on cleaning products, clothes, etc.
- Improve the efficiency of your water heater.
- Improve skin glow and provide relief from skin irritations.
- Never have another bad hair day.
- Spend less time cleaning.
- Laundry comes out brighter and utensils, dishes regain their shine.
- Soft water is healthy for cooking and intake.
- Protect home appliances like dishwashers and washing machines.
- Reduce streaking and spotting while the car wash.
Why do we need a water softener systems in the house?
What makes one think about having in-house water softer? If one finds that their sinks are riddled with stains and the skin is dry and itchy, then they might have a problem with hard water. If so, one needs a water softener. This may use about 25 gallons of water per day, and hence it is important to determine water hardness first. Water softening systems aids in increasing the lifespan of the plumbing and clothes, as well as reducing the maintenance expense budget.
Basically, water softeners extract out the excess calcium and magnesium ions using an exchange with sodium or potassium ions. Once this exchange takes place, the water softener will regenerate and flushes out the excess ions and recharges them with new sodium ions.
Avoid scale buildup on home appliances
Scale, or “limescale,” is a hard, chalky substance made up of calcium and magnesium bicarbonate. These salts form the white chalky sort of the buildups. Presence of scale on the home appliances indicates having hard water. Mineral deposits can form on tea kettles and coffee pots – and they can also cause clog within the pipes. The impact of the clogs in the water pipes is so much that your house is actually less effective at passing water. The consequence of hard water is on building scale and defective plumbing. To address this issue, water softeners help to reduce this scale buildup using ion exchange technology.
Lowering energy bills
Appliances that use soft water use less water to clean compared to hard water, as there won’t be any lime scaling or clogging. Thereby will have low energy bills in utilizing the home appliances like washing machines, water heaters, and dishwashers, etc. Particularly, water heaters take 22%-28% less energy over a year when soft water is used in place of hard water. Most of the western countries use water heaters due to the weather conditions there, and hence using water softener systems enables huge savings on the energy bills.
Avoids dry skin and benefits on silky hair
Hard water causes itchy dry skin, acne, and hair because of the presence of excess mineral salts that affects the skin cells. The traces of calcium and magnesium are seen in the hair after a bath and makes the hair feel brittle and dry. These salts deplete the natural oils on the skin thereby makes it dry and causes acne. One needs to use specific medication like medicated Soaps and shampoos to suppress this issue. However, one only prevent this by installing a water softener at home. A water softener at home prevents the erosion of natural oils leaving smooth skin and soft hair.
Having cleaner clothes and dishes
Home dishwashers work better with soft water since it doesn’t cause clogging and avoids scale in the water pipes. When hard water is used for washing clothes, they leave the salt deposits on the cloth pores and causes color fading. On the other hand, soft water uses less water and soap, removes the lather effectively from clothes and dishes and makes cleaning simpler and quicker.
Why do Water Softeners need salts?
Water softening is the technique that removes the calcium and magnesium ions which causes the water hard. These Water softeners need certain salts to remove the minerals from the water through chemical reaction so that the mineral ions gets removed. Water softener which is installed at home comes with a filter and water reservoir with inlets and outlets. The water filter needs to have certain salts so that they react with the ions in the incoming water, removes them through a chemical reaction and leaves the softened water. The filters will be able to remove five milligrams of salts per liter of water. Softeners usually need less maintenance, however, needs to fill the cleaning salts occasionally.
There are 3 types of salts used generally in the water softener systems.
- Rock salt
- Solar Salt
- Evaporated Salt
Rock salt is widely available, obtained from underground salt deposits by usual mining methods. This salt contains 95% as sodium chloride, and however is less soluble. Rock salt contains a lot of matter which is not water soluble. Due to this, the reservoirs need to have frequent cleaning when it is used to filter the water. This salt is cheaply available but takes time and effort to get the tanks clean regularly.
Solar salt is the one obtained after evaporation of sea water. It contains 85% as sodium chloride, and is available in solid crystal form. This salt is a bit more soluble compared to the other salts
This salt is obtained from underground through mining, and moisture is evaporated using energy from natural gas or coal. This salt contains around 99% of sodium chloride. When this salt is used in the softeners, the maintenance is low and doesn’t need to clean the tanks frequently. However, the cost of maintenance is high as evaporated salts are costlier compared to the other two salts.
There are certain softeners that combine the salts mentioned to provide better results. However, that cannot be done for all softeners. The tanks need to be empty before changing the salt type depending on the softening quality and the user requirement.
Hard water from underground has become a major challenge to be used in the household in most of countries. The adverse effects of using hard water have a major impact on the users’ health and the life of appliances used at home. Hence the necessity of water softening systems at home has become more prevalent and the benefits it gives to the household.
Since the maintenance cost and efforts are low for the installed devices, the softeners have come with more designs and ease of use to connect to inlet and produce softened water. With the highly increasing number of home appliances, water heater and dishwashers in developed countries, the necessity of a water softening system also increased. For more stuff like this, stay in touch with our Water Softener Reviews website.